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Kopaonik

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  • July 6, 2022 5:00 pm local time

Description

Kopaonik, the largest mountain range in Serbia, extends from the northwest to the southeast for 80 km, and has a width of around 40 km in the middle. The highest section of Kopaonik is the spacious Ravni Kopaonik plateau around which rise Suvo Rudište and Pančićev Vrh (the highest peak at 2017 m).

Kopaonik gained its name from the Serbian word kopatiwhich means ‘to dig’ because of the rich ore resources which were mined here for centuries. Volcanic activity and the discharge of hot mineral solutions caused changes in the surrounding rocks, creating the rich Kopaonik mining region from which iron, lead and zinc were excavated. Kopaonik lends itself to active relaxation throughout the year and is the largest and best-known Serbian ski centre.

Due to its valuable ecosystem, Kopaonik became a national park in 1981. Kopaonik National Park covers an area of 11,810 hectares and based on the number of endemic species, it is one of Serbia’s most important biodiversity hotspots for endemic flora.

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Kopaonik, najveći planinski lanac u Srbiji, proteže se od severozapada do jugoistoka 80 km, a u sredini ima širinu od oko 40 km. Najviši deo Kopaonika je prostrana visoravan Ravni Kopaonik oko koje se uzdižu Suvo Rudište i Pančićev Vrh (najviši vrh u 2017. godini).

Kopaonik je svoje ime dobio po srpskoj reči kopati, zbog bogatih rudnih resursa koji su ovde vekovima minirani. Vulkanska aktivnost i ispuštanje vrućih mineralnih rastvora uzrokovali su promene u okolnim stenama, stvarajući bogatu oblast Kopaonik iz koje se iskopavaju gvožđe, olovo i cink. Kopaonik je prilika za aktivni odmor tokom cele godine i najveći je i najpoznatiji srpski skijaški centar.

Zbog svog dragocenog ekosistema, Kopaonik je postao nacionalni park 1981. godine. Nacionalni park Kopaonik obuhvata površinu od 11.810 hektara, a na osnovu broja endemskih vrsta, jedno je od najvažnijih žarišta Srbije za biološku raznolikost za endemsku floru.

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